"The social sciences are a set of academic disciplines that study the behavior of humans as members of societies, as well as the nature and dynamics of social interactions and social relationships between individuals, groups, and institutions that comprise society. The social sciences consist of a very broad and diverse collection of academic fields, including sociology, archaeology and anthropology, history, psychology, economics, business administration, political science, geography, women’s studies, and ethnic studies.
Each of these academic disciplines is highly diverse and specialized in their own right, with scholars often devoting their specific attention and expertise to one or two very specific areas. For example, within sociology, some scholars focus primarily on crime and deviance, while others devote their attention to family life, the educational system, or racial and ethnic relations. Historically, the boundaries between the various social science disciplines was fairly rigid, but in recent decades, these boundaries have blurred considerably in favor of a more interdisciplinary approach in academia that emphasizes collaboration and greater understanding between scholars of different disciplinary training and academic backgrounds."
García, J. D. P. D. (2023). Social science. Salem Press Encyclopedia.
"Sociology can be defined as the scientific study of systematic relationships between human beings and the patterns of social life (Straus, 2002). Sociologists are concerned with patterns of behavior and experiences related to social arrangements. Those arrangements may be considered normal (or normative), or they may be considered outside the norm, or aberrant. Social arrangements, however, are not set in stone. They are created or shaped by social actions, social interactions, and structures (like social institutions) at different levels, such as families, communities, work groups, states, and nations."
Mandel, I., & Howson, A. (2021). Sociological Practice: Applied and Clinical. Salem Press Encyclopedia.
"Despite psychology’s long history and major impact, attempts to define it lack a clear and unified sense. As a result, psychology has been defined in a variety of ways, each with its own particular advantages. Psychology has come to define itself as a science of mind and behavior, but these terms continue to carry the ambiguities of earlier controversies."
Aanstoos, C. M. (2023). Psychology. Salem Press Encyclopedia of Health.
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