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NWACC Library

Black History Month

This guide is in celebration of Black History Month and includes books and media from the NWACC Library Collection.

What is the Black Power Movement?

"The Black Power Movement was a radical grass-roots response to the perceived failure of the Civil Rights Movement, led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., to change social conditions that kept African Americans impoverished and disenfranchised a century after the abolition of slavery. Especially attractive to a younger generation impatient with the slow pace of earlier civil rights activism, the Black Power Movement rallied African Americans to reject white American values as inherently racist, and to focus on black self-defense, self-determination, racial pride, and political and economic power.

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) leader Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Toure) coined the term “Black Power” at a march in 1966 to protest the shooting of civil rights activist James Meredith. Racial integration, Carmichael argued, was a way of giving in to values that subtly perpetuated white supremacy. Emphasizing that African Americans who participated in peaceful demonstrations were met with brutality and arrests, he urged blacks to unite against the white establishment and to seize power for themselves. He articulated this belief further in his 1967 book, Black Power: The Politics of Liberation in America, coauthored with Charles V. Hamilton. In the book’s preface, the authors warned that their framework for radical change “represents the last reasonable opportunity for this society to work out its racial problems short of prolonged destructive guerilla warfare.”

"Black Power Movement." World of Sociology, Gale, edited by Joseph M. Palmisano, Gale, 1st edition, 2001. Credo Reference, Accessed 27 Jan. 2022.

Black Power Web