Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
What is an annotated bibliography?
An annotated bibliography is a list of sources that summarizes and explains the relevance of each source to your research.
Use it at the beginning of the research process to:
- Record the sources you have found.
- Demonstrate your understanding of your sources.
- Analyze the quality and credibility of your sources.
- Identify patterns and themes among and across different sources.
- Reflect on the possible ways you will use your sources as you integrate them into your paper.
- Develop a thesis or argument.
An annotated bibliography is often assigned as a step in writing a research paper.
The University of Toronto provides a detailed explainer: