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Sixties: Primary Resources

Learn more about this fascinating decade with these research tips and information resources from NWACC Library and the Internet.

Recommended Library Databases with Primary Documents

The following databases are recommended for finding primary sources and other content related to topics from the 1960s for your research assignment.

Research Tip: For search tips, tutorials, and more information about content, select the information button next to the database name.

Access to these online subscription resources is restricted to NWACC students, faculty, and staff. Please use your My NWACC Connection login credentials when prompted.


Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Sources


Civil Rights Act of 1964

Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Sources

Primary sources are original documents, objects, or media created during the time of the event being researched, or by an individual(s) who directly experienced an event, made a discovery, or created a new work of art. They are raw materials with a direct relationship to whatever is being studied. Examples include:

  • Photographs, speeches, diaries, editorials, letters, interviews, historic artifacts, works of art, musical scores, performances, literary works, survey research, legal documents, proceedings, patents, video or audio recordings of events being studied, etc.

Secondary sources are a step removed from the original source. They may comment or build upon the original primary sources. Examples include:

  • Second-hand reports on events, research, or works created by someone else at a different time; criticisms; reviews; interpretations; citations; etc.

Tertiary sources typically compile and condense a range of primary and/or secondary sources into an easily-digestible format. Examples may include:

  • Encyclopedias, almanacs, timelines, bibliographies, directories, fact books, etc. (Note: Many of these are also considered secondary sources.)

Research Tip: Across disciplines, contexts, and perspectives, the definition of primary, secondary, and tertiary sources differ.  Some scholars consider encyclopedias secondary sources, while others consider them tertiary sources. In today’s environment of digitized content, most would contend an online image of a primary document or transcript is sufficient, while others might argue the original physical copy is essential for primary research. Like many areas of study, distinctions are fuzzy and subject to interpretation. When in doubt, clarify your instructor’s expectations.

 

Work Cited

Civil Rights Act of 1964. Pub. L. 88-352, 78 STAT 241. Web. 7 July 2013.

 

Free Online Primary Sources

Selected Primary Sources from Library Databases

Access to these online subscription resources is restricted to NWACC students, faculty, and staff. Please use your My NWACC Connection login credentials if prompted.

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