Creating a Works Cited using MLA 8th edition is straightforward once you understand what MLA calls "core elements" and "containers."
Core elements are facts common to most works, such as author and title. These are the core elements for each entry in the order they should be listed and with the proper punctuation.
A container is the place were the source is located. For an article, the container is the journal in which it was published. If the article is located in an online database, that database is its second container. The article is IN the journal, which is IN the database. "The container is crucial to identification of the source" (MLA 30).
Always use the full and complete URL. NO link shortening.
DATE FORMAT: DD Mon. YYYY.
When the author is an organization, it and the name of the website might be the same. When this happens, skip the author and just list the website name.
In the 2nd example, the document is part of an online journal which provides each entry as an individual download. For this reason, the journal name was included.
A blog post is essentially an article on a website and is cited in the same manner. It may be necessary to open the article to find the complete and direct URL.
Citing a comment on the sample blog post above lists the commenter as the author and the description "Comment on" as part of the tile. It may be necessary to open the comment or click on it to find the complete and direct URL. Use the date and timestamp of the comment for the publication date.
[vol. = volume number. no. = issue number. Permalink or DOI are interchangeable. NO link shortening.]
For artwork viewed in person, use this format. See https://style.mla.org/citing-images-viewed-firsthand-or-online/ for more information.
"The medium of publication and materials of composition, if important to your discussion, could be included at the end of the entry as optional elements."
Please notice there is a period after the date of composition when citing the art viewed on a website. This tells the reader the date the art was created, so as not to confuse its creation date with the date the museum posted the image online. See https://style.mla.org/citing-images-viewed-firsthand-or-online/ for more information.
The place where the image was found (book, database, web, etc.) is the Title of Image's Location. After giving the Title of the Image's Location, provide the publication information for that title and the page number (if a print source) or the URL (if a web source.). Include those elements you can find in the image's location.
See https://style.mla.org/images-in-books/ for more information
See https://style.mla.org/citing-an-image-in-a-periodical/ for more information. Basically, use standard journal / magazine citation.
The web site where the image actually appears is necessary. You will need to look at the image on its original webpage to find the required information. See https://style.mla.org/citing-online-images/ for full information.
Artist. Title. Date of composition, Name of Museum, City where museum is located (if not part of its name).
If there is no title, provide a brief description of the photo as the title.
If the photograph is part of a larger article, include that information as well. See the example directly above.
When you conduct the interview it is called a personal interview.
Each faculty member has their own requirements. Defer to your instructor. See also guidance from the MLA Style Center.
Title of Post: Facebook posts don't have titles so use the first line of text as the title. If that line is very long use just the first few word followed by an ellipsis (three dots) at the end. If the post is very short, use the whole post as thetitle. Put it inside quotation marks and end the sentence with a period.
Image or video only: For a post with no text, describe the image or video in your own words.
Title of Tweet: Tweets don't have formal titles so use the first line of text as the title. If that line is very long use just the first few word followed by an ellipsis (three dots) at the end. If the Tweet is short (less than 140 characters), use the whole Tweet as the title. Put it inside quotation marks and end the sentence with a period.
Image or video only: For a Tweet with no text, describe the image or video in your own words.
Twitter Thread: The person making the original post is the author. Follow that author's name with the phrase: et al. This abbreviation stands in for the other authors in the thread.
For an episode of a series, put the episode name in italics and include the series number and episode number.
If relevant, list performer names after the director's name.
Because these are accessed online, format similarly to a video on a web page.
Political cartoons usually do not have a title. Instead of a title, provide a brief description. They may require some research to 1) identify the creator and 2) determine if it was originally published in print.
Add the descriptor: Cartoon [This indicates the reference is to an image.]
Ask to your Instructor to see if you are allowed to use the simpler version show above.
Cite the particular instance or instances of the meme you consult, which maybe on Twitter, Facebook, in an article, etc. Basically, pick one instance and use where that instance is found.
Meme Titles: Many meme genres develop de facto titles, but individual meme examples often lack a title or employ the same formulaic textual framework. Substitute a description for a title, such as Grumpy Cat's Monday (MLA Style Center).
Start with the name of the host or narrator. After their name, put a comma and describe that person's role in the podcast. For example, they may be the host or the narrator. Use that word after the comma.
If the podcast is part of larger Web site, include that information..
Use the information displayed on the device. If any information is missing, just skip it.
For popular music, the artist is listed as the "author." For classical works, the composer or conductor would be used.